MySensors

What you can do with MySensors is described here, and a detailed guide on how to build a MySensors gateway with a Raspberry Pi and a single radio module is here.
With the d-diot platform you have two radio modules, 1 x NRF24l01 (2.4 Ghz) and 1 x RFM69 (433, 868 or 915 Mhz), connected to the GPIO of the Raspberry Pi and two independent gateways instances that runs simultaneously. This setup has been inspired by this post on the MySensors forum.

The main advantage of the dual radio setup is that you can use both type of sensors and actuators, on the basis of your needs. Here is an interesting discussion about the pros and cons of each radio type.

Build the directory three and download source code. Due to this bug that, at the time of writing this guide, affects the signing features in the master branch, compile the development branch.

pi@d-diot:~ $ cd ~
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir MySensors
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir MySensors/source
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir MySensors/source/master
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir MySensors/source/dev
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir MySensors/nrf24
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir MySensors/rfm69
pi@d-diot:~ $ cd MySensors/source/dev
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/source/dev $ git clone https://github.com/mysensors/MySensors.git --branch development
pi@d-diot:~ $ cd ~
pi@d-diot:~ $ cd MySensors/source/master
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/source/master $ git clone https://github.com/mysensors/MySensors.git --branch master 
pi@d-diot:~ $ cd /home/pi/MySensors/source/dev
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/source/dev $ cp -a MySensors/. /home/pi/MySensors/nrf24/
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/source/dev $ cp -a MySensors/. /home/pi/MySensors/rfm69/

To configure the MySensors ethernet gateway for the RFM69 (868 Mhz) radio module, run the following commands:

pi@d-diot:~ $ cd /home/pi/MySensors/rfm69
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ ./configure --my-gateway=ethernet --my-port=5003 --my-transport=rfm69 --my-rfm69-frequency=868 --my-is-rfm69hw --spi-driver=SPIDEV --spi-spidev-device=/dev/spidev0.0  --my-leds-err-pin=7 --my-leds-rx-pin=11 --my-leds-tx-pin=13 --my-signing=software --my-signing-debug --my-signing-request-signatures --my-signing-weak_security --my-config-file=/etc/mysensors-rfm69.conf

If you have a RFM69 radio module with a different frequency (433 or 915 Mhz), change the parameter “–my-rfm69-frequency=868” accordingly.

Please note that the gateway is compiled with the flag “–my-signing-weak_security”, so you can use both, signed and unsigned nodes. If you wont also to encrypt the communication between the nodes and the gateway add “–my-rfm69-encryption-enabled”, but this requires that all node uses an encrypted connection.

A more detailed discussion on how to secure your MySensors network is here, and the list of the configure parameters is here.

Compile the source code:

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ make

If something goes wrong during the compilation, you can revert back with:

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ make cleanconfig
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ make clean

Rename the binary file

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ cd /home/pi/MySensors/rfm69/bin/
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69/bin $ mv mysgw mysgw-rfm69
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69/bin $ cd ..

Start the gateway once to generate the config file.

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ sudo ./bin/mysgw-rfm69  

Press CTRL+c to terminate the execution and edit the config file.

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ sudo nano /etc/mysensors-rfm69.conf

This is how the config file should be.

/etc/mysensors-rfm69.conf
# Logging
# Verbosity: debug,info,notice,warn,err
verbose=debug
 
# Enable logging to a file.
log_file=0
# Log file path.
log_filepath=/tmp/mysgw-rfm69.log
 
# Enable logging to a named pipe.
# Use this option to view your gateway's log messages
# from the log_pipe_file defined bellow.
# To do so, run the following command on another terminal:
#   cat "log_pipe_file"
log_pipe=0
log_pipe_file=/tmp/mysgw-rfm69.pipe
 
# Enable logging to syslog.
syslog=0
 
# EEPROM settings
eeprom_file=/etc/mysensors-rfm69.eeprom
eeprom_size=1024
 
# Software signing settings
# Note: The gateway must have been built with signing
#       support to use the options below.
#
# To generate a HMAC key run mysgw with: --gen-soft-hmac-key
# copy the new key in the line below and uncomment it.
soft_hmac_key=AD5FEE012A7C793950558BA97E974F5B85476584ED1E4AC77FDB9FB0DE72A04F
# To generate a serial key run mysgw with: --gen-soft-serial-key
# copy the new key in the line below and uncomment it.
soft_serial_key=C2B57D1215706E0F91
 
# Encryption settings
# Note: The gateway must have been built with encryption
#       support to use the options below.
#
# To generate a AES key run mysgw with: --gen-aes-key
# copy the new key in the line below and uncomment it.
aes_key=26548DFDCF82E9DF33E7500E629D9C40

See the “# Software signing settings” section at the end of the config file: three default keys are present but you have to generate your own keys to avoid security issues.

Test the gateway. Here more information on how to read the output messages.

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69 $ sudo ./bin/mysgw-rfm69  

Press CTRL+c to terminate the execution.

To configure the MySensors ethernet gateway for the NRF24l01 (2.4 Ghz) radio module, run the following commands:

pi@d-diot:~ $ cd /home/pi/MySensors/nrf24
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ ./configure --my-gateway=ethernet --my-port=5004 --my-transport=rf24 --my-rf24-pa-level=RF24_PA_MAX --spi-driver=SPIDEV --spi-spidev-device=/dev/spidev1.0 --my-rf24-irq-pin=33 --my-rf24-ce-pin=37 --my-rf24-cs-pin=36 --my-leds-err-pin=12 --my-leds-rx-pin=16 --my-leds-tx-pin=18 --my-signing=software --my-signing-debug --my-signing-request-signatures --my-signing-weak_security --my-config-file=/etc/mysensors-nrf24.conf

Please note that the gateway is compiled with the flag “–my-signing-weak_security”, so you can use both, signed and unsigned nodes. If you wont also to encrypt the communication between the nodes and the gateway add “–my-rf24-encryption-enabled”, but this requires that all node uses an encrypted connection.

A more detailed discussion on how to secure your MySensors network is here, and the list of the configure parameters is here.

Compile the source code:

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ make

If something goes wrong during the compilation, you can revert back with:

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ make cleanconfig
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ make clean

Rename the binary file

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ cd /home/pi/MySensors/nrf24/bin/
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24/bin $ mv mysgw mysgw-nrf24
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24/bin $ cd ..

Start the gateway once to generate the config file.

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ sudo ./bin/mysgw-nrf24  

Press CTRL+c to terminate the execution and edit the config file.

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ sudo nano /etc/mysensors-nrf24.conf

This is how the config file should be.

/etc/mysensors-nrf24.conf
# Logging
# Verbosity: debug,info,notice,warn,err
verbose=debug
 
# Enable logging to a file.
log_file=0
# Log file path.
log_filepath=/tmp/mysgw-nrf24.log
 
# Enable logging to a named pipe.
# Use this option to view your gateway's log messages
# from the log_pipe_file defined bellow.
# To do so, run the following command on another terminal:
#   cat "log_pipe_file"
log_pipe=0
log_pipe_file=/tmp/mysgw-nrf24.pipe
 
# Enable logging to syslog.
syslog=0
 
# EEPROM settings
eeprom_file=/etc/mysensors-nrf24.eeprom
eeprom_size=1024
 
# Software signing settings
# Note: The gateway must have been built with signing
#       support to use the options below.
#
# To generate a HMAC key run mysgw with: --gen-soft-hmac-key
# copy the new key in the line below and uncomment it.
soft_hmac_key=AD5FEE012A7C793950558BA97E974F5B85476584ED1E4AC77FDB9FB0DE72A04F
# To generate a serial key run mysgw with: --gen-soft-serial-key
# copy the new key in the line below and uncomment it.
soft_serial_key=C2B57D1215706E0F91
 
# Encryption settings
# Note: The gateway must have been built with encryption
#       support to use the options below.
#
# To generate a AES key run mysgw with: --gen-aes-key
# copy the new key in the line below and uncomment it.
aes_key=26548DFDCF82E9DF33E7500E629D9C40

See the “# Software signing settings” section at the end of the config file: three default keys are present but you have to generate your own keys to avoid security issues.

Test the gateway. Here more information on how to read the output messages.

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24 $ sudo ./bin/mysgw-nrf24  

Press CTRL+c to terminate the execution.

Edit the /etc/rc.local file:

pi@d-diot:~ $ sudo nano /etc/rc.local

Add the following lines before the “exit 0” string.

/etc/rc.local
# Launch MySensors rfm69
/home/pi/MySensors/rfm69/bin/./mysgw-rfm69 &
 
# Launch Mysensors nrf24
/home/pi/MySensors/nrf24/bin/./mysgw-nrf24 &

To stop MySensors RFM69 and NRF24 gateways:

pi@d-diot:~ $ sudo killall mysgw-rfm69
pi@d-diot:~ $ sudo killall mysgw-nrf24

To start MySensors RFM69 and NRF24 gateways:

pi@d-diot:~ $ sudo nohup /home/pi/MySensors/rfm69/bin/./mysgw-rfm69 >/dev/null 2>&1 &
pi@d-diot:~ $ sudo nohup /home/pi/MySensors/nrf24/bin/./mysgw-nrf24 >/dev/null 2>&1 &

  • system_administration/manual_installation/3_mysensors.txt
  • Last modified: 2019/09/11 18:52
  • by franzunix