ATmega 2560

In the d-diot board the function of the ATmega2560 microcontroller is to process the signals of the commercial devices that communicate at 433 Mhz.
This is done running the RFLink firmware on the microcontroller in association with the RXB6 and FS1000A receiver and transmitter modules. Of course you can run any sketch you wont on the ATmega2560; the instruction to upload the RFLink firmware are provided here, while if you wont to upload a custom sketch (ino file), go here.

The serial connection between the ATmega2560 chip and the Raspberry Pi is through the pins 2 and 3 of the microcontrollers and the GPIO pins 14 and 15 of the Raspberry Pi.

The autoreset function when uploading a sketch is provided by the GPIO pin 13 of the Raspberry Pi, bridging the P33 and RST pin of the JP2 jumper. The manual change of the JP2 jumper is required because the GPIO pin 13 (pin number 33) is shared and normally it provide the IRQ functionality of the MySensors nrf24 gateway.

The autoreset function in the d-diot board is possible thanks to the great hack of deanmao to the avrdude program (see here and here) and to the optimized code provided by spellfoundry (see here and here)

To enable the autoreset follow the step below, starting with the creation of the directory tree.

pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir /home/pi/atmega2560
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir /home/pi/atmega2560/arduino-mk
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir /home/pi/atmega2560/rflink
pi@d-diot:~ $ mkdir /home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset

Download the file from spellfoundry repo:

pi@d-diot:~ $ cd /home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset $ git clone

Change the raspberry GPIO PIN in the autoreset file. Set it to GPIO pin 13 (line 16); the default value is 22.

Change also the time sleep from 0.32 to 0.16 (line 19)

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset $ nano /home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset/avrdude-rpi/autoreset

Click here to see the modified autoreset file

Click here to see the modified autoreset file

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO
import sys, os, re, time, fcntl
fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
fl = fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_GETFL)
fcntl.fcntl(fd, fcntl.F_SETFL, fl | os.O_NONBLOCK)
dtr = re.compile('.+TIOCM_DTR.+')
start = time.time()
def reset():
  pin = 13
  GPIO.setup(pin, GPIO.OUT)
  GPIO.output(pin, GPIO.HIGH)
  GPIO.output(pin, GPIO.LOW)
def process():
  while True:
      duration = time.time() - start
      input = sys.stdin.readline().strip()
      if dtr.match(input):
      elif duration > 5000:
print "done with autoreset - ignore Broken pipe errors if Done uploading"

Copy the autoreset and avrdude-autoreset file in the /usr/bin directory:

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset $ sudo cp /home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset/avrdude-rpi/autoreset /usr/bin
pi@d-diot:/home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset $ sudo cp /home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset/avrdude-rpi/avrdude-autoreset /usr/bin

Backup the original avrdude file:

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset $ sudo mv /usr/bin/avrdude /usr/bin/avrdude-original 

Symlink avrdude-autoreset to avrdude

pi@d-diot:/home/pi/atmega2560/autoreset $ sudo ln -s /usr/bin/avrdude-autoreset /usr/bin/avrdude

The arduino-mk is the program that allows you to compile and upload any sketch (.ino) from your Raspberry Pi to the ATmega2560 microcontroller, without the requirements of an Arduino IDE. The upload is done through the avrdude program, so the autoreset functionality is still present.

The arduino-mk has more capabilities respect to those discussed in this wiki: see here and here if you wont to learn more.

To use the arduino-mk you need a Makefile:

pi@d-diot:~ $ nano /home/pi/atmega2560/arduino-mk/Makefile

Add the following lines:

ARDUINO_DIR = /usr/share/arduino
BOARD_TAG    = mega2560
ARDUINO_PORT = /dev/serial0
include /usr/share/arduino/

Exit (CTRL+x) and save the changes (y).

Create an empty arduino sketch to test arduino-mk:

pi@d-diot:~ $ nano /home/pi/atmega2560/arduino-mk/test.ino

Add the following lines:

void setup()
void loop()

Exit (CTRL+x) and save the changes (y).

  • system_administration/manual_installation/4_atmega2560.txt
  • Last modified: 2019/04/14 09:54
  • by franzunix